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Energetics of neutral and deprotonated (Z)-cinnamic acid

AuthorsDávalos, J.Z. ; Lima, C.F.R.A.C.; Silva, A.M.S.; Santos, L.M.N.B.F.; Erra-Balsells, R.; Salum, M.L.
Issue Date2016
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationJournal of Chemical Thermodynamics 95: 195- 201 (2016)
AbstractWe have performed a study of structural, thermochemical and thermophysical properties of the (Z)-cinnamic acid neutral molecule and its corresponding oxyanion (formed by deprotonation of the carboxylic group). The thermophysical study (heat capacities, temperature and enthalpy of fusion) was made by DSC. The following intrinsic (gas-phase) thermochemical magnitudes have been experimentally determined: (i) standard enthalpy of formation, at T = 298.15 K, of the neutral molecule, Hm0(g) = (-215.5 ± 3.2) kJ · mol, by combustion calorimetry and by the Knudsen effusion technique, (ii) deprotonation enthalpy, ΔH(g) = (1416.4 ± 8.8) kJ · mol and acidity, GA = (1386.7 ± 8.8) kJ · mol, by the EKM method using ESI-TQ Mass Spectrometry. From these results we have also derived the enthalpy of formation of the oxyanion, Hm0(oxyanion, g) = (-303.5 ± 9.4) kJ · mol. A computational study, through density functional calculations at the B3LYP/6-311++G(d,p) level of theory, was used to check the good consistency of the experimental results. The global results show that (Z)-cinnamic acid is significantly less stable than the corresponding (E)-isomer, which can be related to the greater acidity of the (Z)-form found in both the gas and aqueous solution phases.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.jct.2015.12.014
issn: 1096-3626
Appears in Collections:(IQFR) Artículos
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