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Geographic patterns and cultural distance. The affiliates of the world’s largest food and beverage MNEs

AutorFilippaios, Fragkiskos; Rama Dellepiane, Ruth
Palabras claveEmpresas multinacionales
Industria alimentaria
Fecha de publicación25-jun-2009
ResumenUsing a database comprising more than 8,000 affiliates, this article describes, maps and analyses the geographic pattern of the world’s largest food and beverage multinational enterprises (F&B MNEs) over 1996-2000. F&B MNEs are attracted by affluent and/or large markets for foodstuffs. F&B MNEs are also highly internationalised. However, this proposition should be nuanced. 1) These companies keep a stable foreign to total affiliates rate (no substantial evidence of de-localisation of facilities situated in the home-country could be found over 1985-2000); 2) EU-15 and Asian companies are regionally focussed, and North-American and Rest of Europe enterprises tend to a bi-national structure; 3) they combine great country spread with limited cultural diversity; 4) within the company, the configuration of some specific economic activities is geographically concentrated. Results provide substantial verification of the hypothesised positive relationship between the nationality of the parent and affiliates’ location. The home-region and the location of affiliates according to a cultural pattern are statistically associated. Finally, the location of affiliates and the types of activity they develop are also statistically associated.
DescripciónPaper prepared for the 32nd EIBA (European International Business Academy) Conference, “Regional and Business Location and Competitiveness”, Faculty of Economics and Social Sciences, University of Fribourg Fribourg, Switzerland, 7th-9th December 2006
Aparece en las colecciones: (CCHS-IEGD) Comunicaciones congresos
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