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Title

Improvement of biochemical and behavioral defects in the Niemann-Pick type A mouse by intraventricular infusion of MARCKS

AuthorsTrovó, Laura; Stroobants, Stijn; D'Hooge, Rudi; Ledesma, M. Dolores ; Dotti, Carlos G.
KeywordsPI(4,5)P2
ASMko mice
Behavior
MARCKS
Issue Date2015
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationNeurobiology of Disease 73: 319- 326 (2015)
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier Inc. Niemann-Pick disease type A (NPDA) is a fatal disease due to mutations in the acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) gene, which triggers the abnormal accumulation of sphingomyelin (SM) in lysosomes and the plasma membrane of mutant cells. Although the disease affects multiple organs, the impact on the brain is the most invalidating feature. The mechanisms responsible for the cognitive deficit characteristic of this condition are only partially understood. Using mice lacking the ASM gene (ASMko), a model system in NPDA research, we report here that high sphingomyelin levels in mutant neurons lead to low synaptic levels of phosphoinositide PI(4,5)P2 and reduced activity of its hydrolyzing phosphatase PLCγ, which are key players in synaptic plasticity events. In addition, mutant neurons have reduced levels of membrane-bound MARCKS, a protein required for PI(4,5)P2 membrane clustering and hydrolysis. Intracerebroventricular infusion of a peptide that mimics the effector domain of MARCKS increases the content of PI(4,5)P2 in the synaptic membrane and ameliorates behavioral abnormalities in ASMko mice.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/139352
DOI10.1016/j.nbd.2014.09.008
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.nbd.2014.09.008
issn: 1095-953X
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