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Fluctuations in Cytosolic Calcium Regulate the Neuronal Malate–Aspartate NADH Shuttle: Implications for Neuronal Energy Metabolism

AutorSatrústegui, Jorgina ; Bak, Lasee K.
Palabras claveshuttle
Malate–aspartate NADH
Fecha de publicación3-jul-2015
EditorKluwer Academic/Plenum Publishers
CitaciónNeurochemical Research 40: 2425- 2430 (2015)
ResumenThe malate–aspartate NADH shuttle (MAS) operates in neurons and other cells to translocate reducing equivalents from the cytosol to the mitochondrial matrix, thus allowing a continued flux through the glycolytic pathway and metabolism of extracellular lactate. Recent discoveries have taught us that MAS is regulated by fluctuations in cytosolic Ca levels, and that this regulation is required to maintain a tight coupling between neuronal activity and mitochondrial respiration and oxidative phosphorylation. At cytosolic Ca fluctuations below the threshold of the mitochondrial calcium uniporter, there is a positive correlation between Ca and MAS activity; however, if cytosolic Ca increases above the threshold, MAS activity is thought to be reduced by an intricate mechanism. The latter forces the neurons to partly rely on anaerobic glycolysis producing lactate that may be metabolized subsequently, by neurons or other cells. In this review, we will discuss the evidence for Ca-mediated regulation of MAS that have been uncovered over the last decade or so, together with the need for further verification, and examine the metabolic ramifications for neurons.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s11064-015-1652-8
issn: 1573-6903
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