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Título

A hydrothermal peroxo method for preparation of highly crystalline silica-titania photocatalysts

AutorKrivtsov, I. V.; Ilkaeva, Marina; Avdin, Viacheslav; Khainakov, Sergei ; García, José R. ; Ordóñez, Salvador; Díaz, Eva; Faba, Laura
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónJournal of Colloid and Interface Science 444: 87-96 (2015)
ResumenA new completely inorganic method of preparation of silica–titania photocatalyst has been described. It has been established that the addition of silica promotes crystallinity of TiO2 anatase phase. Relative crystallinity and TiO2 crystal size in the silica–titania particles increase with the silica content until SiO2/TiO2 molar ratio of 0.9, but at higher molar ratios they start to decrease. The single-source precursor containing peroxo titanic (PTA) and silicic acids has been proved to be responsible for high crystallinity of TiO2 encapsulated into amorphous silica. It has been proposed that peroxo groups enhance rapid formation of crystalline titania seeds, while silica controls their growth. It has been concluded from the TEM that the most morphologically uniform anatase crystallites covered with SiO2 particles are prepared at SiO2/TiO2 molar ratio of 0.4. This sample, according to 29Si NMR, also shows the high content of hydroxylated silica Q3 and Q2 groups, and it is the most photocatalytically active in UV-assisted decomposition of methylene blue among the tested materials. It has been determined that the increase in the amount of the condensed Q4 silica in the mixed oxides leads to the decrease in photocatalytic performance of the material, despite its better crystallinity. High crystallinity, low degree of incorporation of Ti atoms in SiO2 in the mixed oxide and adsorption of methylene blue in the vicinity of photoactive sites on the hydroxylated silica have been considered as the main factors determining the high degradation degree of methylene blue in the presence of silica–titania.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/137369
DOI10.1016/j.jcis.2014.12.044
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.jcis.2014.12.044
e-issn: 1095-7103
issn: 0021-9797
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