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Unoccupied electronic structure and relaxation dynamics of Pb/Si(1 1 1)

AuthorsSandhofer, M.; Sklyadneva, Irina Yu.; Ligges, M.; Heid, Rolf; Bohnen, Klaus-Peter; Chulkov, Eugene V. ; Bovensiepen, U.
KeywordsNonlinear photoemission
Density functional theory
Femtosecond dynamics
Quantum well states
Unoccupied band structure
Pb/Si(1 1 1)
Issue Date2014
CitationJournal of Electron Spectroscopy and Related Phenomena 195: 278-284 (2014)
AbstractThe unoccupied electronic structure of epitaxial Pb films on Si(1 1 1) is analyzed by angle-resolved two-photon photoemission in the Γ¯→M¯ direction close to the Brillouin zone center. The experimental results are compared to density functional theory calculations and we focus on the nature of the interaction of the 6pz states with the Si substrate. The experimentally obtained dispersion E(k||) of the unoccupied quantum well states is weaker than expected for freestanding films, in good agreement with their occupied counterparts. Following E(k||) of quantum well states as a function of momentum at different energies, which are degenerate and non-degenerate with the Si conduction band, we observe no influence of the Si bulk band and conclude a vanishing direct interaction of the Pb 6pz states with the Si band. However, the momentum range at which mixing of 6pz and 6px,y derived subbands is found to occur in the presence of the Si substrate is closer to Γ¯ than in the corresponding freestanding film, which indicates a substrate-mediated enhancement of the mixing of these states. Additional femtosecond time-resolved measurements show a constant relaxation time of hot electrons in unoccupied quantum well states as a function of parallel electron momentum which supports our conclusion of a px,y mediated interaction of the pz states with the Si conduction band.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.elspec.2014.04.006
issn: 0368-2048
e-issn: 1873-2526
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