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The explicit signalling of premise-conclusion sequences in research articles: a contrastive framework

AutorMoreno, Ana I.
Palabras claveContrastive rhetoric
Discourse analysis
Coherence relations
Premise-conclusion relations
Research articles
Business and economics
Academic Writing
Fecha de publicación1998
EditorWalter de Gruyter
CitaciónText: an interdisciplinary journal for the sudy of discourse, 18 (4), 1998, págs. 545-585
ResumenThe aim of the present paper is to propose a contrastive framework for a comparison of the explicit signalling of premise-conclusion sequences between English and Spanish. It is argued that in order for contrastive analyses of these kind of phenomena to be valid and useful for applied fields, greater levels of precision are needed than those found in some previous studies. The model first defines the constants of the comparison: explicit premise-conclusion intersentential relations (PQISRs). Then it seeks to determine the variables of the study in the search for differences or similarities. Both the textual plane and the interpersonal plane of the explicit signalling of PQISRs are considered. The model is then applied to two parallel corpora of research articles (RAs) on business and economics, 36 RAs being in English and 36 in Spanish. The results show that both language groups seem to make PQISRs explicit with similar frequency. In addition, they use similar textual realisations for expressing PQISRs. Moreover, those textual strategies appear similarly distributed, except for anaphoric integrated signals. On the interpersonal level, however, some interesting differences are found in the distribution of use of the various hedging strategies available in both languages. Some implications are discussed.
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