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On the equivalence between the thermodynamic and dynamic measurements of the glass transition in confined polymers

AutorPriestley, Rodney D.; Cangialosi, Daniele ; Napolitano, Simone
Palabras claveFree volume
Polymer thin films
Glass transition
Chain adsorption
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónJournal of Non-Crystalline Solids 407: 288-295 (2015)
ResumenUnderstanding why the glass transition temperature (Tg) of polymers deviates substantially from the bulk with nanoscale confinement has been a 20-year mystery. Ever since the observation in the mid-1990s that the Tg values of amorphous polymer thin films are different from their bulk values, efforts to understand this behavior have intensified, and the topic remains the subject of intense research and debate. This is due to the combined scientific and technological implications of size-dependent glassy properties. Here, we discuss an intriguing aspect of the glassy behavior of confined amorphous polymers. As experimentally assessed, the glass transition is a dynamic event mediated by segmental dynamics. Thus, it seems intuitive to expect that a change in Tg due to confinement necessitates a corresponding change in molecular dynamics, and that such change in dynamics may be predicted based on our understanding of the glass transition. The aim of this perspectives article is to examine whether or not segmental dynamics change in accordance with the value of Tg for confined polymers based on bulk rules. We highlight past and recent findings that have examined the relationship between Tg and segmental dynamics of confined polymers. Within this context, the decoupling between these two aspects of the glass transition in confinement is emphasized. We discuss these results within the framework of our current understanding of the glass transition as well as efforts to resolve this decoupling. Finally, the anomalous decoupling between translational (diffusion) and rotational (segmental) motion taking place in the proximity of attractive interfaces in polymer thin films is discussed.
Descripción7th IDMRCS: Relaxation in Complex Systems
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.09.048
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.jnoncrysol.2014.09.048
issn: 0022-3093
e-issn: 1873-4812
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