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Divacancy-induced ferromagnetism in graphene nanoribbons

AuthorsJaskólski, W.; Chico, Leonor ; Ayuela, Andrés
Issue Date2015
PublisherAmerican Physical Society
CitationPhysical Review B 91(16): 165427 (2015)
AbstractZigzag graphene nanoribbons have spin-polarized edges, antiferromagnetically coupled in the ground state with total spin zero. Customarily, these ribbons are made ferromagnetic by producing an imbalance between the two sublattices. Here we show that zigzag ribbons can be ferromagnetic due to the presence of reconstructed divacancies near one edge. This effect takes place even though the divacancies are produced by removing two atoms from opposite sublattices, which were balanced before reconstruction to 5-8-5 defects. We demonstrate that there is a strong interaction between the defect-localized and edge bands which mix and split away from the Fermi level. This splitting is asymmetric, yielding a net edge spin polarization. Therefore, the formation of reconstructed divacancies close to the edges of the nanoribbons can be a practical way to make them partially ferromagnetic.
DescriptionUnder the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 (CC-BY).
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165427
Identifiersdoi: 10.1103/PhysRevB.91.165427
issn: 2469-9950
e-issn: 2469-9969
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