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Depercolation of aggregates upon polymer grafting in simplified industrial nanocomposites studied with dielectric spectroscopy

AutorBaeza, Guilhem P.; Oberdisse, Julian; Alegría, Ángel ; Saalwächter, Kay; Couty, Marc; Genix, A. C.
Palabras clavePercolation
Polymer grafting
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónPolymer 73: 131-138 (2015)
ResumenThe dynamics of polymer and filler in simplified industrial silica-styrene-butadiene nanocomposites (silica Zeosil 1165 MP, volume fraction 0-21%v) have been studied with broadband dielectric spectroscopy (BDS) and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR). The fraction of graftable matrix chains was varied from 0 to 100%D3. The introduction of silica nanoparticles is shown to leave the segmental relaxation unaffected, an observation confirmed by the measurement of only a thin (some Angstroms thick) immobilized layer by NMR. The low-frequency measurements are resolved in two distinct dielectric Maxwell-Wagner-Sillars (MWS) processes of different behavior with respect to changes of large-scale silica structures induced by variations of filler fraction and grafting. It is found that increasing grafting leaves the first MWS-process unaffected, while it decreases the strength of the (slower) second MWS by about a decade. At constant silica volume fraction, this indicates depercolation of the filler, thereby providing a microscopic explanation of the evolution of rheological reinforcement. The sensitivity to large-scale reorganizations together with a characterization of local polymer dynamics provides insight over many length- and time-scales into structure and dynamics of nanocomposites, and thus the physical origin of the reinforcement effect.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2015.07.045
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.polymer.2015.07.045
issn: 0032-3861
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