English   español  
Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10261/136279
Share/Impact:
Statistics
logo share SHARE logo core CORE   Add this article to your Mendeley library MendeleyBASE

Visualizar otros formatos: MARC | Dublin Core | RDF | ORE | MODS | METS | DIDL
Exportar a otros formatos:

Title

Spatial drivers of ecosystem structure and function in a floodplain riverscape: springbrook nutrient dynamics

AuthorsCaldwell, Samantha K.; Peipoch, Marc ; Valett, H. M.
Issue Date2016
PublisherSociety for Freshwater Science
CitationFreshwater Science 34(1) : 233-244 (2016)
AbstractOn riverine flood plains, reorganization by fluvial processes creates and maintains a mosaic of aquatic and riparian landscape elements across a biophysical gradient of disturbance and succession. Across flood plains of gravel-bottom rivers, spring brooks emerge from points of groundwater discharge that may occur in distinct landscape positions. We investigated how ecosystem processes in spring brooks differ spatially across biophysical zones, reflecting how landscape position dictates severity of flood disturbance, allochthonous loading from riparian forests, and inputs from groundwater systems. Between July and October 2011, we quantified aspects of ecosystem structure and function among 6 spring brooks of the Nyack flood plain, Flathead River, Montana. Structural features varied predictably across near-channel (i.e., parafluvial) and late successional (i.e., orthofluvial) biophysical zones. Large wood standing stocks increased >40× (0.19–9.19 kg/m2), dominant particle size class differed by an order of magnitude (median particle size [D50] = 2–27), and measures of vertical hydraulic gradient (–0.06 to +0.12 cm/cm) reflected differences in landscape position. We found fine sediment accumulation, stronger groundwater inputs, and greater benthic and large wood standing stocks in orthofluvial than in parafluvial spring brooks. Algal biomass was negatively correlated with insolation and positively related to vertical hydraulic gradient. Results from microcosm experiments showed increasing N uptake across the gradient from parafluvial to orthofluvial spring brooks. Functional response to landscape-scale organization of springbrook structure underscores the need for a spatially explicit model of floodplain ecology.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1086/679300
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/136279
DOI10.1086/679300
ISSN2161-9549
E-ISSN2161-9565
Appears in Collections:(CEAB) Artículos
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Show full item record
Review this work
 

Related articles:


WARNING: Items in Digital.CSIC are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.