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dc.contributor.authorFerrera, Isabeles_ES
dc.contributor.authorMassana, Ramones_ES
dc.contributor.authorCasamayor, Emilio O.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBalagué, Vanessaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSánchez, Olgaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPedrós-Alió, Carloses_ES
dc.contributor.authorMas, Jordies_ES
dc.identifier.citationApplied Microbiology and Biotechnology 64: 726-734 (2004)es_ES
dc.description9 páginas, 1 tabla, 3 figuras.es_ES
dc.description.abstractIn the present work, we describe for the first time the utilization of a complex microbial biofilm for the treatment of sulfide-containing effluents. A non-aerated packed-column reactor was inoculated with anoxic lake sediment and exposed to light. A biofilm developed in the column and showed a stable oxidation performance for several weeks. Microbial species composition was analyzed by microscopy, pigment analysis and a bacterial 16S rRNA gene clone library. Colorless sulfur bacteria, green algae and purple sulfur bacteria were observed microscopically. Pigment composition confirmed the presence of algae and purple sulfur bacteria. The clone library was dominated by alpha-Proteobacteria (mostly Rhodobacter group), followed by gamma-Proteobacteria (Chromatiaceae- like and Thiothrix-like aerobic sulfur oxidizers) and the Cytophaga-Flavobacterium-Bacteroides group. Plastid signatures from algae were also present and a few clones belonged to both the beta- (Rhodoferax sp., Thiobacillus sp.) and delta-Proteobacteria (Desulfocapsa sp.) and to the low G+C Gram-positive bacteria (Firmicutes group). The coexistence of aerobic, anaerobic, phototrophic and chemotrophic microorganisms in the biofilm, the species richness found within these metabolic groups (42 operational taxonomic units) and the microdiversity observed within some species could be very important for the longterm functioning and versatility of the reactor.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis work was supported by projects BOS2000-0139 and REN2000-0332-P4 from the Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología to J.M.; and I.F. was supported by a FPI fellowship from the Generalitat de Catalunya. E.O.C. benefits from the Programa Ramón y Cajal of the Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia y Tecnología.es_ES
dc.titleHigh-diversity biofilm for the oxidation of sulfide-containing effluentses_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
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