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Sublethal effects of contamination on the Mediterranean sponge Crambe crambe: metal accumulation and biological responses

AutorCebrian, Emma ; Martí, Ruth; Uriz, María Jesús ; Turon, Xavier
Palabras claveHeavy metals
Sublethal contamination
Crambe crambe
Fecha de publicación2003
CitaciónMarine Pollution Bulletin 46 : 1273-1284 (2003)
ResumenThe effect of low levels of pollution on the growth, reproduction output, morphology and survival of adult sponges and settlers of the sponge Crambe crambe were examined. We transplanted sponges from a control area to a contaminated site and measured the main environmental variables (chemical and physical) of both sites during the study period. Except some punctual differences in particulate organic matter, silicates, nitrates, and water motion, most environmental variables in the water were similar at both sites during the study months. Mainly copper, lead and OM concentrations in the sediment, and water motion were significantly higher at the polluted site and may be implicated in the biological effects observed: decrease in the percentage of specimens with embryos, increase in shape irregularity and decrease in growth rate. Individuals naturally occurring at the polluted site and those transplanted there for four months accumulated ten times more copper than either untouched or transplant controls. Although lead concentration in sediment did not differ between sites, native specimens from the contaminated site accumulated this metal more than untouched controls. Vanadium concentration also tended to increase in the sponges living at or transplanted to the contaminated site but this difference was not significant. C. crambe is a reliable indicator of metal contamination since it accumulates copper, lead and vanadium in high amounts. At the contaminated site, sponge growth, fecundity and survival were inhibited, whereas sponge irregularity ending in sponge fission was promoted. All these effects may compromise the structure and dynamics of the sponge populations in sheltered, metal-contaminated habitats.
Descripción12 páginas, 10 figuras, 5 tablas
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/S0025-326X(03)00190-5
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