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Exploring the Optical Resonances of Photocatalytic Bismuth Nanostructures

AutorCuadrado, A.; Toudert, Johann ; Serna, Rosalía
Fecha de publicación29-nov-2015
EditorEuropean Materials Research Society
Citación2015 MRS Fall Meeting & Exhibit (2015)
ResumenNanostructures presenting optical resonances present a strong potential for energy applications. This potential has been first developed with noble metal nanostructures. At their plasmonic resonances, they can be used as scatterers for improved light trapping into photovoltaic photonic structures or as near-field enhancers boosting photocarrier excitation in photovoltaic media.1 Very recently, plasmoelectric potentials have been measured in resonant noble metal nanostructures, thus allowing a novel opto-electrical conversion scheme.2 Optical resonances can be excited in nanostructures beyond noble metals. Indeed, most of the metals of the periodic table can support plasmonic resonances.3 Moreover, non-Drude plasmonic-like resonances can also be achieved: for instance the so-called interband polaritonic resonances in nanostructures presenting sharp interband transitions, such as bismuth nanostructures.4,5 Based on such resonances, the potential of bismuth nanostructures for photocatalysis has been demonstrated.6,7 In the reported works, photocatalysis was achieved using bismuth nanospheres. At present, the underlying mechanism has to be discussed together with the photocatalytic potential of bismuth nanostructures in a broad range of sizes and shapes. In this presentation, we provide a detailed description of the optical response of bismuth nanostructures as a function of their size and shape, with dimensions ranging from 50 nm to 500 nm. We demonstrate a strong dependence of the absorption, scattering and extinction cross-sections, near-field, surface charges and currents that will impact the efficiency of photocatalytic solutions based on bismuth nanostructures. 1 Polman, A. et al.; Photonic design principles for ultrahigh efficiency photovoltaics, Nature Materials 2012, 11, 174 2 Sheldon, M.T. et al.; Plasmoelectric potentials in metal nanostructures, Science 2014, 346, 828 3 Naik, G. et al.; Alternative plasmonic materials: Beyond gold and silver, Advanced Materials 2013, 25, 3264 4 Toudert, J. et al.; Exploring the optical potential of nano-bismuth: tunable surface plasmon resonances in the near ultraviolet-to-near infrared range, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2012, 116, 20530 4 Toudert, J. et al.; Spectroscopic ellipsometry for active nano- and meta- materials, Nanotechnology Reviews 2014, 3, 223 6 Wang, Z. et al.; Investigation of the optical and photocatalytic properties of bismuth nanospheres prepared by a facile thermolysis method, Journal of Physical Chemistry C 2014, 118, 1155 7 Dong, F.; A semimetal bismuth element as a direct plasmonic photocatalyst, Chemical Communications 2014, 50, 10386
DescripciónSymposium O—Plasmonic Nanomaterials for Energy Conversion, Boston, Massachusetts, November 29-December 4, 2015
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