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Título

EMERGENCE of GRANULAR-SIZED MAGNETIC BUBBLES THROUGH the SOLAR ATMOSPHERE. II. NON-LTE CHROMOSPHERIC DIAGNOSTICS and INVERSIONS

AutorRodríguez, J.D.L.C.; Hansteen, V.; Bellot Rubio, Luis R. ; Ortiz, A.
Palabras claveSun: magnetic fields
Polarization
Radiative transfer
Sun: chromosphere
Line: formation
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorInstitute of Physics Publishing
CitaciónAstrophysical Journal 810 (2) (2015)
Resumen© 2015. The American Astronomical Society. All rights reserved. Magnetic flux emergence into the outer layers of the Sun is a fundamental mechanism for releasing energy into the chromosphere and the corona. In this paper, we study the emergence of granular-sized flux concentrations and the structuring of the corresponding physical parameters and atmospheric diagnostics in the upper photosphere and in the chromosphere. We make use of a realistic 3D MHD simulation of the outer layers of the Sun to study the formation of the Ca ii 8542 line. We also derive semi-empirical 3D models from non-LTE inversions of our observations. These models contain information on the line-of-sight stratifications of temperature, velocity, and the magnetic field. Our analysis explains the peculiar Ca ii 8542 profiles observed in the flux emerging region. Additionally, we derive detailed temperature and velocity maps describing the ascent of a magnetic bubble from the photosphere to the chromosphere. The inversions suggest that, in active regions, granular-sized bubbles emerge up to the lower chromosphere where the existing large-scale field hinders their ascent. We report hints of heating when the field reaches the chromosphere.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/135243
DOI10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/145
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1088/0004-637X/810/2/145
issn: 1538-4357
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