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Assessment of hydrogen storage in activated carbons produced from hydrothermally treated organic materials

AuthorsSchaefer, Sébastien; Fierro, Vanessa; Izquierdo Pantoja, María Teresa ; Celzard, Alain
KeywordsHydrogen storage
hydrothermal carbonisation
KOH activation
Microporous activated carbons.
Issue Date2016
CitationInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy (2016)
Abstract12 activated carbons (ACs) were prepared by KOH activation using hydrochars as precursors. These hydrochars were prepared by hydrothermal carbonisation (HTC) of sucrose solutions at concentrations ranging from 0.2 to 1.6 mol L-1. The KOH to hydrochar weight ratio (W) was varied from 1 to 5, and the activation temperature was set to 1023K. ACs texture was assessed by nitrogen and carbon dioxide adsorption at 77 and 273 K, respectively; pore size distribution was calculated by using both isotherms and the SAIEUS© software. ACs with surface areas between 790 and 2240 m2 g-1 were obtained. Hydrogen excess adsorption was determined at 298K and pressures up to 10 MPa in a volumetric device, and the isosteric heat of adsorption (Qst) was calculated for four ACs, using hydrogen isotherms obtained at 278, 298 and 308K. Potassium intercalation between graphitic planes was assumed to account for the high Qst values, 7-8 kJ mol-1. Hydrogen uptake at 2 MPa was compared with hydrogen adsorption data of 38 other ACs reported in the open literature. Hydrogen adsorption fundamentally depends on micropore volume and preliminary HTC did not enhance hydrogen storage although it could be a good strategy for doping carbon with heteroelements.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijhydene.2016.05.086
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