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Miro-1 links mitochondria and microtubule dynein motors to control lymphocyte migration and polarity

AuthorsCuenca-Alba, Jesús; Sánchez Sorzano, Carlos Óscar; Veiga Chacón, Esteban; Sánchez-Madrid, Francisco
Issue Date2014
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationMolecular and Cellular Biology 34(8): 1412-1426 (2014)
AbstractThe recruitment of leukocytes to sites of inflammation is crucial for a functional immune response. In the present work, we explored the role of mitochondria in lymphocyte adhesion, polarity, and migration. We show that during adhesion to the activated endothelium under physiological flow conditions, lymphocyte mitochondria redistribute to the adhesion zone together with the microtubule-organizing center (MTOC) in an integrin-dependent manner. Mitochondrial redistribution and efficient lymphocyte adhesion to the endothelium require the function of Miro-1, an adaptor molecule that couples mitochondria to microtubules. Our data demonstrate that Miro-1 associates with the dynein complex. Moreover, mitochondria accumulate around the MTOC in response to the chemokine CXCL12/SDF-1α this redistribution is regulated by Miro-1. CXCL12-dependent cell polarization and migration are reduced in Miro-1-silenced cells, due to impaired myosin II activation at the cell uropod and diminished actin polymerization. These data point to a key role of Miro-1 in the control of lymphocyte adhesion and migration through the regulation of mitochondrial redistribution.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1128/MCB.01177-13
e-issn: 1098-5549
issn: 0270-7306
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(IBMCC) Artículos
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