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Pistil traits and flower fate in apricot (Prunus armeniaca)

AuthorsRodrigo García, Javier; Herrero Romero, María ; Hormaza Urroz, José Ignacio
KeywordsFruit set
Pollen grains
Pollen tubes
Issue DateJun-2009
PublisherAssociation of Applied Biologists
CitationAnnals of Applied Biology, Volume 154 (2009), Issue 3, Pages 365-375
AbstractAlthough pollination is essential for both seed and fruit set in most angiosperms, even after an adequate pollination, only a fraction of the flowers develop into fruits. The role played by floral traits on reproductive success is well known, but the possible influence of pistil traits has been overlooked, probably because of the difficulty of non-destructive pistil examination. The aim of this work was to examine the influence of several pistil traits on reproductive success in apricot (Prunus armeniaca). For this purpose, in a population of individually labelled flowers, the styles were cut off once the pollen tubes had reached the ovary but prior to the achievement of fertilisation. This approach allowed relating several morphological and physiological pistil parameters in the dissected styles and stigmas to the subsequent set or abscission of the corresponding ovary that remained in the plant. Under the same pollination conditions, the flowers that finally set a fruit show a larger stigmatic area and a higher number of pollen grains, pollen tubes growing along the style and xylem vessels surrounding the transmitting tissue than flowers that abscise before the establishment of fruit set. Furthermore, starch is present in the transmitting tissue of the style in all the flowers that develop into fruits but only in half of the flowers that abscise. The examined pistil traits established prior to fertilisation are related to flower fate, suggesting that the capacity of a flower to become a fruit could be preconditioned at anthesis.
Description33 Pag., 3 Tabl., 6 Fig. The definitive version is available at www.blackwell-synergy.com
Publisher version (URL)http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/cgi-bin/fulltext/122222861/HTMLSTART
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(IHSM) Artículos
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