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Title

Improving the outcome of acute cholecystitis: the non-standardized treatment must no longer be employed

AuthorsGonzález-Muñoz, Juan Ignacio; Angoso, María; Sayagués, José María CSIC ORCID ; Sánchez-Casado, Ana Belén; Hernández, Alvaro; Velasco, Antonio; Muñoz-Bellvis, Luís
KeywordsTreatment
Early surgery
Acute cholecystitis
Issue Date2014
PublisherSpringer
CitationLangenbeck's Archives of Surgery 399(8): 1065-1070 (2014)
Abstract[Purpose]: Therapeutic recommendations of acute cholecystitis are not consistently implemented, which generates greater patient morbidity and higher health care costs. The aim of this article is to evaluate the burden of acute cholecystitis, to detect potentially modifiable variables, and to propose a therapeutic strategy that will allow us to improve the quality of care. [Methods]: We carried out a retrospective study of patients who were admitted to the hospital from January 2010 to December 2012 using a univariate analysis of parameters including the admitting department, age, treatment administered, and length of stay. [Results]: A total of 967 patients were admitted to the hospital with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis, 692 (72 %) to the Surgery Department, 257 (26 %) to Internal Medicine-Digestive, and 18 (2 %) to other departments. Four hundred ninety-eight (51.5 %) were operated on: 107 (21 %) on an urgent basis, 111 (22 %) at an early stage (<96 h at diagnosis), 152 (30 %) at a late stage (>96 h at diagnosis), and 128 (26 %) at a delayed date (other admission). Patients who were admitted into the surgery department were five times more likely to be operated on than patients admitted into other departments (p < 0.01). Patients operated on at a late stage had a longer length of stay than early stage surgery patients (p < 0.05) and than non-operated ones (p < 0.05). Patients <74 years old were more frequently operated than older ones (p < 0.05). [Conclusions]: The non-standardized treatment of acute cholecystitis causes high clinical and surgical variability, long average stay, more readmissions, and high hospital costs. Therefore, patients with a diagnosis of acute cholecystitis should be admitted to the Surgery Department, thereby increasing the probability of receiving definite treatment.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-014-1245-z
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/134052
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00423-014-1245-z
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00423-014-1245-z
e-issn: 1435-2451
issn: 1435-2443
Appears in Collections:(IBMCC) Artículos
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