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dc.contributor.authorMaíz Apellániz, Jesús-
dc.contributor.authorNegueruela, I.-
dc.contributor.authorBarba, R. H.-
dc.contributor.authorWalborn, N. R.-
dc.contributor.authorPellerin, A.-
dc.contributor.authorSimon-Diaz, S.-
dc.contributor.authorSota Ballano, Alfredo-
dc.contributor.authorMarco, A.-
dc.contributor.authorAlonso-Santiago, J.-
dc.contributor.authorSánchez Bermúdez, Joel-
dc.contributor.authorGamen, R. C.-
dc.contributor.authorLorenzo, J.-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1051/0004-6361/201526123-
dc.identifierissn: 1432-0746-
dc.identifier.citationAstronomy and Astrophysics 579 (2015)-
dc.description.abstractContext. It appears that most (if not all) massive stars are born in multiple systems. At the same time, the most massive binaries are hard to find owing to their low numbers throughout the Galaxy and the implied large distances and extinctions. Aims. We want to study LS III +46 11, identified in this paper as a very massive binary; another nearby massive system, LS III +46 12; and the surrounding stellar cluster, Berkeley 90. Methods. Most of the data used in this paper are multi-epoch high S/N optical spectra, although we also use Lucky Imaging and archival photometry. The spectra are reduced with dedicated pipelines and processed with our own software, such as a spectroscopic-orbit code, CHORIZOS, and MGB. Results. LS III +46 11 is identified as a new very early O-type spectroscopic binary [O3.5 If∗ + O3.5 If∗] and LS III +46 12 as another early O-type system [O4.5 V((f))]. We measure a 97.2-day period for LS III +46 11 and derive minimum masses of 38.80 ± 0.83 M and 35.60 ± 0.77 M for its two stars. We measure the extinction to both stars, estimate the distance, search for optical companions, and study the surrounding cluster. In doing so, a variable extinction is found as well as discrepant results for the distance. We discuss possible explanations and suggest that LS III +46 12 may be a hidden binary system where the companion is currently undetected.-
dc.description.sponsorshipJ.M.A. and A.S. acknowledge support from [a] the Spanish Government Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) through grants AYA2010-15 081, AYA2010-17631, and AYA2013-40611-P and [b] the Consejeria de Educacion of the Junta de Andalucia through grant P08-TIC-4075. J.M.A. was also supported by the George P. and Cynthia Woods Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy and he is grateful to the Department of Physics and Astronomy at Texas A&M University for their hospitality during some of the time this work was carried out. I.N., A.M., J.A., and J.L. acknowledge support from [a] the Spanish Government Ministerio de Econoia y Competitividad (MINECO) through grant AYA2012-39364-C02-01/02, [b] the European Union, and [c] the Generalitat Valenciana through grant ACOMP/2014/129. R.H.B. acknowledges support from FONDECYT Project 1140076. S.S.-D. acknowledges funding by [a] the Spanish Government Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) through grants AYA2010-21697-C05-04, AYA2012-39 364-C02-01, and Severo Ochoa SEV-2011-0187 and [b] the Canary Islands Government under grant PID2 010 119. J.S.-B. acknowledges support by the JAE-PreDoc program of the Spanish Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas (CSIC). STScI is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under NASA contract NAS5-26555.-
dc.publisherEDP Sciences-
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's version-
dc.subjectStars: early-type-
dc.subjectBinaries: spectroscopic-
dc.subjectDust, extinction-
dc.subjectISM: lines and bands-
dc.subjectStars: individual: LS III+46 11-
dc.subjectOpen clusters and associations: individual: Berkeley 90-
dc.titleThe little-studied cluster Berkeley 90: I. LS III +46 11: A very massive O3.5 If∗ + O3.5 If∗ binary-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.contributor.funderGobierno de Canarias-
dc.contributor.funderGeneralitat Valenciana-
dc.contributor.funderConsejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (España)-
dc.contributor.funderNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (US)-
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Economía y Competitividad (España)-
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission-
dc.contributor.funderJunta de Andalucía-
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