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A new Vrs1 allele identified in 2-row Spanish landraces

AuthorsCasas Cendoya, Ana María ; Contreras-Moreira, Bruno ; Sakuma, Shun; Gracia Gimeno, María Pilar ; Moralejo, María Ángeles; Molina-Cano, José Luis; Komatsuda, Takao; Igartua Arregui, Ernesto
Issue DateJun-2016
Citation12th International Barley Genetics Symposium (Minneapolis, Minnesota, USA. 26-30 June 2016)
AbstractVrs1, the gene determining the type of spike in barley has been extensively studied. The wild dominant allele encodes a homeodomain-leucine zipper transcription factor whose activity results in a two-rowed spike, whereas the recessive allele produces a six-row phenotype. Phylogenetic analysis of barley cultivars identified two alleles in two-rowed types and at least four different alleles in six-rowed barleys. Previous results genotyping with MWG699, a marker closely linked to Vrs1, suggested different geographic origins for six-row alleles, among them the vrs1.a2 allele originated in the Western Mediterranean. Using this same marker, we showed that a large proportion of Spanish and Moroccan landraces (both 2- and 6-rowed) as well as Moroccan Hordeum spontaneum lines, all shared the same haplotype. We then analyzed the sequence of the Vrs1 gene in those lines. All (11) six-rowed barleys sequenced carried the vrs1.a2 allele, but we found different Vrs1 alleles among 2-rowed types: the material from Morocco, both wild (3) and cultivated (2), carried the Vrs1.b2 allele, which was absent from the Spanish 2-rowed landraces studied. The most common allele among these was Vrs1.b3, in 46 lines out of 53 evaluated. The other seven lines presented a new Vrs1 allele, Vrs1.b5. This new allele contains a ‘T’ insertion in exon 2, originally proposed as the causal mutation giving rise to the 6-row vrs1.a2 allele, but has an additional upstream deletion that results in the change of 15 amino acids and a potentially functional protein. These results add a new hypothesis to the origin of the 6-rowed vrs1.a2 allele, which could result from a mutation either at the Vrs1.b2 allele (classical hypothesis) or at the newly found Vrs1.b5 allele identified in Spanish landraces.
Description1 .pdf copy (A3) of the original poster presented by the Authors.
Appears in Collections:(EEAD) Comunicaciones congresos
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