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Título

Bioactive bilayered dressing for compromised epidermal tissue regeneration with sequential activity of complementary agents

AutorReyes-Ortega, Felisa ; Cifuentes, Alberto; Rodríguez, Gema ; Aguilar, María Rosa ; González-Gómez, Alberto; Solis, Raúl; García-Honduvilla, N.; Buján, J.; García-Sanmartín, J.; Martínez, Alfredo; San Román, Julio
Palabras claveHeparin
Polyurethane
Hydrogel
Nanoparticle
Wound dressing
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónActa Biomaterialia 23: 103-115 (2015)
ResumenThe article deals with the design, preparation, and evaluation of a new bilayered dressing for application in the healing of compromised wounds. The system is based on the sequential release of two complementary bioactive components to enhance the activation of the regeneration of dermal tissue. The internal layer is a highly hydrophilic and biodegradable film of gelatin and hyaluronic acid (HG), crosslinked with the natural compound genipin, which reacts with the amine groups of gelatin. This film is loaded with the proangiogenic, anti-inflammatory, and antibacterial peptide, proadrenomedullin N-terminal 20 peptide (PAMP), that is released slowly in the wound site. The external layer, more stable and less hydrophilic, is constituted by a biodegradable polyurethane derived from poly(caprolactone) and pluronic L61. This layer is loaded with resorbable nanoparticles of bemiparin (a fractionated low molecular weight heparin), which promotes the activation of growth factors, FGF and VEGF, and provides a good biomechanical stability and controlled permeability of the bilayered dressing. Experiments carried out in mice demonstrate the excellent angiogenic effect of the HG film in the dermal tissue. Application of the bilayered dressing in the wound healing rabbit ear model shows an improved cicatrization of the wound in both ischemic and non-ischemic defects, favoring epithelialization and reducing noticeably the contraction and the inflammation.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.actbio.2015.05.012
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/133421
DOI10.1016/j.actbio.2015.05.012
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.actbio.2015.05.012
issn: 1742-7061
e-issn: 1878-7568
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