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A recent phase of accretion along the southern Costa Rican subduction zone

AuthorsBangs, Nathan L.; McIntosh, Kirk D.; Silver, Eli A.; Kluesner, Jared W.; Ranero, César R.
KeywordsSubduction accretion
Tectonic erosion
Costa Rican subduction zone
3D seismic imaging
Accretionary wedge deformation
Issue DateJun-2016
CitationEarth and Planetary Science Letters 443: 204-215 (2016)
AbstractIn 2011 we acquired a 3D seismic reflection volume across the Costa Rica margin NW of the Osa Peninsula to investigate the complex structure and the development of the seismogenic zone within the Costa Rican subduction zone in the vicinity of recent International Ocean Drilling Program (IODP) drilling. In contrast to previous interpretations, these newly acquired seismic images show that the margin wedge is composed of a layered fabric that is consistent with clastic sediments, similar to materials recovered from IODP drilling, that have been thrust and thickened into thrust-bounded folded sequences. These structures are consistent with a balanced sequence that has been frontally accreted in the context of an accretionary model. We interpret these sequences as sediment originally deposited on the subducting crust in a trench basin created by the southward migration of the Cocos-Nazca-Caribbean triple junction, and accreted during recent margin subduction that also accelerated with passage of the triple junction. The margin is composed of relatively rapidly accreted sediment that was added to the margin during a phase of accretion within the last ~5 Ma that was probably preceded throughout the Neogene by periods of non-accretion or erosion
Description12 pages, 9 figures
Publisher version (URL)https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.008
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.epsl.2016.03.008
issn: 0012-821X
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