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Título

The seasonal use of small-scale space by benthic species in a transiently hypoxic area

AutorDoya, C. ; Aguzzi, Jacopo ; Chatzievangelou, Damianos; Costa, Corrado; Company, Joan B. ; Tunnicliffe, V.
Palabras claveMunida quadrispina
Lyopsetta exilis
Dispersion
Imaging techniques
Hypoxia
Seasonal variations
Fecha de publicaciónfeb-2016
EditorElsevier
CitaciónJournal of Marine Systems 154(PartB): 280-290 (2016)
ResumenThe use of small-scale space by benthos and its variation over the seasons in transiently hypoxic zones is poorly known. In this study, we examined the reciprocal spatial dispersion of the squat lobster (. Munida quadrispina) and the slender sole (. Lyopsetta exilis) according to oxygen concentrations at a VENUS platform of Ocean Networks Canada (ONC). This platform is located in a seasonally hypoxic zone at 96. m depth in the fjord of Saanich Inlet (British Columbia, Canada). We counted and located small as well as large squat lobsters and slender soles in digital still images during 1 year (2012-2013) also concomitantly obtained oxygen data. Images were subdivided in a squared grid to obtain relative density maps as a proxy for surface occupation and spatial autocorrelation. Pearson's chi-squared tests at a yearly scale, along with Dixon's spatial segregation index (S) for each possible pair among the studied groups, showed a significant absence of overlap. The same analyses by month and cross-correlation between oxygen and S showed that while the dispersion patterns of the large squat lobsters seemed to be driven mainly by the morphology of the seafloor, an effect of hypoxia was found in the small squat lobsters and the slender soles levels of aggregation. Small squat lobster sought seabed protrusions, such as sponges, to reach more oxygenated water. The slender sole's space occupation decreased significantly, being forced to retreat when the squat lobsters' abundance peaked as a result of what appeared to be a seasonal reproduction event in early summer. Our results contribute to the understanding of the ways in which oxygen levels modulate substrate use by benthic species in the framework of a global expansion of hypoxia in coastal and ocean areas
Descripción11 pages, 10 figures, 1 table, supplementary data https://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.09.005
Versión del editorhttps://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.09.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/133018
DOI10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.09.005
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2015.09.005
issn: 0924-7963
e-issn: 1879-1573
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