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Particle fluxes in the NW Iberian coastal upwelling system: hydrodynamical and biological control

AutorZúñiga, Diana ; Villacieros, Nicolás ; Salgueiro, E.; Alonso Pérez, Fernando ; Rosón, Gabriel; Abrantes, F.; Castro, Carmen G.
Palabras claveParticle fluxes
Particulate organic carbon
Coastal upwelling
NE Atlantic
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónContinental Shelf Research 123: 89-98 (2016)
ResumenTo better understand sources and transport of particulate material in the NW Iberian coastal upwelling system, a mooring line dotted with an automated PPS 4/3 sediment trap was deployed off Cape Silleiro at the base of the photic zone. The samples were collected from November 2008 through June 2012 over sampling periods of 4-12 days. Our study represents the first automated sediment trap database for the NW Iberian margin. The magnitude and composition of the settling material showed strong seasonal variability with the highest fluxes during the poleward and winter mixing periods (averages of 12.9±9.6 g m−2 d−1 and 5.6±5.6 g m−2 d−1 respectively), and comparatively lower fluxes (3.6±4.1 g m−2 d−1) for the upwelling season. Intensive deposition events registered during poleward and winter mixing periods were dominated by the lithogenic fraction (80±3%). They were associated to high energy wave-driven resuspension processes, due to the occurrence of south-westerly storms, and intense riverine inputs of terrestrial material from Minho and Douro rivers. On the other hand, during the spring - summer upwelling season, the share of biogenic compounds (organic matter, calcium carbonate (CaCO3), biogenic silica (bSiO2)) to downward fluxes was higher, reflecting an increase in pelagic sedimentation due to the seasonal intensification of primary production and negligible river inputs and wave-driven resuspended material. Otherwise, the large variations of biogenic settling particles were mainly modulated by upwelling intensity, which by means of upwelling filaments ultimately controlled the offshore transport of the organic carbon fixed by primary producers towards the adjacent ocean. Based on the average downward flux of organic carbon (212 mg C m−2 d−1) and considering an average primary production of 1013 mg C m−2 d−1 from literature, we estimated that about 21% of the fixed carbon is vertically exported during the upwelling season
Descripción9 páginas, 4 tablas, 9 figuras
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.csr.2016.04.008
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