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High-aspect-ratio and highly ordered 15-nm porous alumina templates

AuthorsMartín Pérez, Jaime ; Manzano, Cristina V. ; Caballero-Calero, Olga ; Martín-González, Marisol
Template synthesis
Porous materials
Issue Date2013
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
CitationACS applied materials and interfaces 5(1): 72-79 (2013)
AbstractOrdered anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) templates with pores <15 nm in diameter and an aspect ratio (length-to-diameter ratio) above 3 × 103 have been fabricated using a nonlithographic approach; specifically, by anodizing aluminum in an ethylene-glycol-containing sulfuric acid electrolyte. The pores are the smallest in diameter reported for a self-ordered AAO without pore aspect-ratio limitations and good ordering, which opens up the possibility of obtaining nanowire arrays in the quantum confinement regime that is of interest for efficient thermoelectric generators. The effect of the ethylene glycol addition on both the pore diameter and the ordering is evaluated and discussed. Moreover, 15-nm-diameter Bi2Te3 and poly(3-hexyl thiophene) (P3HT) nanowires have been prepared using these AAO templates. As known, Bi2Te3 is currently the most efficient thermoelectric bulk material for room-temperature operations and, according with theory, its Seebeck coefficient should be increased when it is confined to nanowires with diameters close to 10 nm. On the other hand, P3HT is one of the main candidates for integrating organic photovoltaic and thermoelectric devices, and its properties are also proposed to increase when it is confined to nanoscale structures, mainly due to molecular orientation effects.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1021/am3020718
Identifiersissn: 1944-8244
e-issn: 1944-8252
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
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