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Title

Morphological and microstructural characterization of nanostructured pure α-phase W coatings on a wide thickness range

AuthorsGordillo, Nuria; Panizo-Laiz, M.; Tejado, E.; Fernández-Martínez, Iván ; Rivera, A.; Pastor, José Y. ; Gómez de Castro, C.; Rio, J. M. del; Perlado, J. M.; González-Arrabal, Raquel
KeywordsNanostructured tungsten
Sputter deposition
Micro-/macro-stresses
Nanoindentation
Issue Date15-Oct-2014
PublisherElsevier
CitationApplied Surface Science 316: 1-8 (2014)
Abstract© 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. Nanostructured tungsten (nanoW) coatings have been deposited by DC magnetron sputtering. First, the influence of the sputtering power on the adhesion of the coatings to the substrate was investigated by depositing coatings at powers varying from 30 up to 220W. Non-delaminated coatings were achieved at powers ≤50W. Second, the influence of coating thickness on the morphological, microstructural and mechanical properties was investigated for films deposited at 50 W with thicknesses varying from 30 nm up to ∼4.0 μm. SEM images reveal that all the films are highly compact, consisting of nanometer sized columns that grow perpendicular to the substrate. XRD data evidence that films are monophasic, being made of pure a-phase. All coatings show compressive stress and low micro-strain. Nanoindentation tests show that coatings have a hardness higher than that reported for coarse grained W. No significant dependence of the previous properties on coating thickness was observed. Finally, the influence of the substrate on coatings properties was studied, by depositing a W coating at a power of 50W on a commercial steel substrate: no significant dependence was found.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.07.061
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/132513
DOI10.1016/j.apsusc.2014.07.061
Identifiersissn: 0169-4332
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