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Title

Laser heating tunability by off-resonant irradiation of gold nanoparticles

AuthorsHormeño, Silvia ; Gregorio Godoy, Paula; Pérez Juste, Jorge; Liz-Marzán, Luis Manuel; Juárez, Beatriz H.; Arias-Gonzalez, J. Ricardo
Issue Date29-Jan-2014
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons
CitationSmall 10(2): 376-384 (2014)
AbstractTemperature changes in the vicinity of a single absorptive nanostructure caused by local heating have strong implications in technologies such as integrated electronics or biomedicine. Herein, the temperature changes in the vicinity of a single optically trapped spherical Au nanoparticle encapsulated in a thermo-responsive poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) shell (Au@pNIPAM) are studied in detail. Individual beads are trapped in a counter-propagating optical tweezers setup at various laser powers, which allows the overall particle size to be tuned through the phase transition of the thermo-responsive shell. The experimentally obtained sizes measured at different irradiation powers are compared with average size values obtained by dynamic light scattering (DLS) from an ensemble of beads at different temperatures. The size range and the tendency to shrink upon increasing the laser power in the optical trap or by increasing the temperature for DLS agree with reasonable accuracy for both approaches. Discrepancies are evaluated by means of simple models accounting for variations in the thermal conductivity of the polymer, the viscosity of the aqueous solution and the absorption cross section of the coated Au nanoparticle. These results show that these parameters must be taken into account when considering local laser heating experiments in aqueous solution at the nanoscale. Analysis of the stability of the Au@pNIPAM particles in the trap is also theoretically carried out for different particle sizes. Temperature changes in the vicinity of a single absorptive nanostructure caused by local heating have strong implications in technologies such as integrated electronics or biomedicine. Laser irradiation of Au nanoparticles requires precise control over parameters that may lead to deviations in the expected local heating, such as variations in the thermal conductivity or the viscosity of the surrounding medium. To address the temperature changes in the vicinity of a single nanostructure, Au NPs encapsulated in thermo-responsive shells are individually optically trapped. © 2013 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/smll.201301912
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/132493
DOI10.1002/smll.201301912
Identifiersissn: 1613-6810
e-issn: 1613-6829
Appears in Collections:(IMN-CNM) Artículos
(CNB) Artículos
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