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Título

Assessing reconstruction techniques of the Atlantic Ocean circulation variability during the last millennium

AutorMoreno-Chamarro, E.; Ortega, P.; González-Rouco, J. F. ; Montoya, Marisa
Palabras claveLast millennium
Little Ice Age
Pseudoreconstructions
AMOC
Florida Current
Thermal-wind transport
Fecha de publicación22-abr-2016
EditorSpringer
CitaciónClimate Dynamics, 2016 (in press), 21 p.
ResumenWe assess the use of the meridional thermal-wind transport estimated from zonal density gradients to reconstruct the oceanic circulation variability during the last millennium in a forced simulation with the ECHO-G coupled climate model. Following a perfect-model approach, model-based pseudo-reconstructions of the Atlantic meridional overturning circulation (AMOC) and the Florida Current volume transport (FCT) are evaluated against their true simulated variability. The pseudo-FCT is additionally verified as proxy for AMOC strength and compared with the available proxy-based reconstruction. The thermal-wind component reproduces most of the simulated AMOC variability, which is mostly driven by internal climate dynamics during the preindustrial period and by increasing greenhouse gases afterwards. The pseudo-reconstructed FCT reproduces well the simulated FCT and reasonably well the variability of the AMOC strength, including the response to external forcing. The pseudo-reconstructed FCT, however, underestimates/overestimates the simulated variability at deep/shallow levels. Density changes responsible for the pseudo-reconstructed FCT are mainly driven by zonal temperature differences; salinity differences oppose but play a minor role. These results thus support the use of the thermal-wind relationship to reconstruct the oceanic circulation past variability, in particular at multidecadal timescales. Yet model-data comparison highlights important differences between the simulated and the proxy-based FCT variability. ECHO-G simulates a prominent weakening in the North Atlantic circulation that contrasts with the reconstructed enhancement. Our model results thus do not support the reconstructed FC minimum during the Little Ice Age. This points to a failure in the reconstruction, misrepresented processes in the model, or an important role of internal ocean dynamics.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s00382-016-3111-x
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/132250
DOI10.1007/s00382-016-3111-x
ISSN0930-7575
E-ISSN1432-0894
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