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Physico-chemical properties of corn starch modified with cyclodextrin glycosyltransferase

AutorDurá, Ángela ; Rosell, Cristina M.
Palabras claveStarch
Enzymatic modification
Pasting properties
Fecha de publicación9-mar-2016
CitaciónInternational Journal of Biological Macromolecules 87:466-472 (2016)
ResumenCyclodextrin glycosyltransferase (CGTase) has been used to produce cyclodextrins (CDs) from starches, but their ability to modify starches has been barely explored. The effect of CGTase on corn starch at sub-gelatinization temperature (50 °C) and at different pH conditions, pH 4.0 and pH 6.0, was evaluated. Biochemical features, thermal and structural analysis, oligosaccharides and CDs content were studied. Microscopic analysis of the granules confirmed the enzymatic modification of the starches obtaining structures with irregular surface and small pinholes. The extent of the starch modification was largely dependent on the pHs, being higher at pH 6.0. This was also confirmed by the low viscosity of the resulting pastes during a heating and cooling cycle. Thermal parameters were not affected due to enzymatic treatment. Modified starches were less susceptible to undergo α-amylase hydrolysis. CDs released were higher for samples treated at pH 4.0. Therefore, CGTase modification of corn starches at sub-gelatinization temperature offers an attractive alternative for obtaining porous starches with different properties depending on the pH conditions.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijbiomac.2016.03.012
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