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Functional coexistence of twin arsenic resistance systems in Pseudomonas putida KT2440

AutorPáez-Espino, A. David; Durante-Rodríguez, Gonzalo ; Lorenzo, Víctor de
Palabras clavePseudomonas putida
Fecha de publicaciónene-2015
EditorBlackwell Publishing
CitaciónEnvironmental microbiology, 17(1) : 229-238 (2015)
ResumenThe genome of the soil bacterium Pseudomonas putida KT2440 bears two virtually identical arsRBCH operons putatively encoding resistance to inorganic arsenic species. Single and double chromosomal deletions in each of these ars clusters of this bacterium were tested for arsenic sensitivity and found that the contribution of each operon to the resistance to the metalloid was not additive, as either cluster sufficed to endow cells with high-level resistance. However, otherwise identical traits linked to each of the ars sites diverged when temperature was decreased. Growth of the various mutants at 15°C (instead of the standard 30°C for P. putida) uncovered that ars2 affords a much higher resistance to As (III) than the ars1 counterpart. Reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction of arsB1 and arsB2 genes as well as lacZ fusions to the Pars1 and Pars2 promoters traced the difference to variations in transcription of the corresponding gene sets at each temperature. Functional redundancy may thus be selected as a stable condition - rather than just as transient state - if it affords one key activity to be expressed under a wider range of physicochemical settings. This seems to provide a straightforward solution to regulatory problems in environmental bacteria that thrive under changing scenarios.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1111/1462-2920.12464
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