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From the Bay of Biscay to the High Atlas: Completing the anisotropic characterization of the upper mantle beneath the westernmost Mediterranean region

AutorDiaz, J. ; Gallart Muset, Josep ; Morais, I.; Silveira, G.; Pedreira, D.; Pulgar, J. A.; Dias, Nuno A.; Ruiz, M. ; González-Cortina, J.M.
Palabras claveMantle flow
Anisotropy
Iberia
Morocco
Western Mediterranean
SKS splitting
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónTectonophysics 663: 192–202 (2015)
ResumenThe knowledge of the anisotropic properties beneath the Iberian Peninsula and Northern Morocco has been dramatically improved since late 2007 with the analysis of the data provided by the dense TopoIberia broad-band seismic network, the increasing number of permanent stations operating in Morocco, Portugal and Spain, and the contribution of smaller scale/higher resolution experiments. Results from the two first TopoIberia deployments have evidenced a spectacular rotation of the fast polarization direction (FPD) along the Gibraltar Arc, interpreted as an evidence of mantle flow deflected around the high velocity slab beneath the Alboran Sea, and a rather uniform N100°E FPD beneath the central Iberian Variscan Massif, consistent with global mantle flow models taking into account contributions of surface plate motion, density variations and net lithosphere rotation. The results from the last Iberarray deployment presented here, covering the northern part of the Iberian Peninsula, also show a rather uniform FPD orientation close to N100°E, thus confirming the previous interpretation globally relating the anisotropic parameters to the LPO of mantle minerals generated by mantle flow at asthenospheric depths. However, the degree of anisotropy varies significantly, from delay time values of around 0.5 s beneath NW Iberia to values reaching 2.0 s in its NE corner. The anisotropic parameters retrieved from single events providing high quality data also show significant differences for stations located in the Variscan units of NW Iberia, suggesting that the region includes multiple anisotropic layers or complex anisotropy systems. These results allow to complete the map of the anisotropic properties of the westernmost Mediterranean region, which can now be considered as one of best constrained regions worldwide, with more than 300 sites investigated over an area extending from the Bay of Biscay to the Sahara platform.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.007
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/131726
DOI10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.007
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2015.03.007
issn: 0040-1951
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