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Screening Spanish isolates of steinernematid nematodes for use as biological

AutorCampos-Herrera, R. ; Gutiérrez, Carmen
Palabras claveAgriotes sordidus
Ceratitis capitata
Entomopathogenic nematodes
Probit analysis
Soil texture
Spodoptera littoralis
Fecha de publicaciónene-2009
CitaciónJournal of Invertebrate Pathology 100: 100–105 (2009)
ResumenEntomopathogenic nematodes (EPNs) are one of the best non-chemical alternatives for insect pest control, with native EPN strains that are adapted to local conditions considered to be ideal candidates for regional biological control programs. Virulence screening of 17 native Mediterranean EPN strains was performed to select the most promising strain for regional insect pest control. Steinernema feltiae (Filipjev) (Rhabditida: Steinernematidae) Rioja strain produced 7%, 91% and 33% larval mortality for the insects Agriotes sordidus (Illiger) (Coleoptera: Elateridae), Spodoptera littoralis (Boisduval) (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae) and Ceratitis capitata (Wiedemann) (Diptera: Tephritidae), respectively, and was selected as the most promising strain. The S. feltiae Rioja strain–S. littoralis combination was considered the most suitable to develop the Rioja strain as a biocontrol agent for soil applications. The effect of soil texture on the virulence of the Rioja strain against S. littoralis was determined through dose–response experiments. The estimated LC90 to kill larvae in two days was 220, 753 and 4178 IJs/cm2 for soils with a clay content of 5%, 14% and 24%, respectively, which indicates that heavy soils produced negative effects on the virulence of the Rioja strain. The nematode dose corresponding to the LC90 for soils with a 5% and 14% clay content reduced insect damage to Capsicum annuum Linnaeus (Solanales: Solanaceae) plants under greenhouse microcosm conditions. The results of this research suggest that an accurate characterization of new EPN strains to select the most suitable combination of insect, nematode and soil texture might provide valuable data to obtain successful biological control under different ecological scenarios in future field applications
Descripción6 pages
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jip.2008.11.009
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