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Capillary and van der Waals interactions on CaF2 crystals from amplitude modulation AFM force reconstruction profiles under ambient conditions

AutorCalò, Annalisa; Vidal Robles, Oriol; Santos, Sergio; Verdaguer, Albert
Palabras claveDissipative nanoscale interactions
Amplitude modulation (AM) AFM
Dynamic capillary interactions
CaF2 wetting
Force reconstruction
Fecha de publicación2015
EditorBeilstein-Institut für Literatur der Organischen Chemie
CitaciónBeilstein Journal of Nanotechnology 6: 809-819 (2015)
ResumenThere has been much interest in the past two decades to produce experimental force profiles characteristic of the interaction between nanoscale objects or a nanoscale object and a plane. Arguably, the advent of the atomic force microscope AFM was instrumental in driving such efforts because, in principle, force profiles could be recovered directly. Nevertheless, it has taken years before techniques have developed enough as to recover the attractive part of the force with relatively low noise and without missing information on critical ranges, particularly under ambient conditions where capillary interactions are believed to dominate. Thus a systematic study of the different profiles that may arise in such situations is still lacking. Here we employ the surfaces of CaF2, on which nanoscale water films form, to report on the range and force profiles that might originate by dynamic capillary interactions occurring between an AFM tip and nanoscale water patches. Three types of force profiles were observed under ambient conditions. One in which the force decay resembles the well-known inverse-square law typical of van der Waals interactions during the first 0.5-1 nm of decay, a second one in which the force decays almost linearly, in relatively good agreement with capillary force predicted by the constant chemical potential approximation, and a third one in which the attractive force is almost constant, i.e., forms a plateau, up to 3-4 nm above the surface when the formation of a capillary neck dominates the tip-sample interaction.
DescripciónThis is an Open Access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.3762/bjnano.6.84
Identificadoresdoi: 10.3762/bjnano.6.84
e-issn: 2190-4286
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