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Response to elevated iron concentrations in Saccharomyces cerevisiae strains of different origins

AuthorsMartínez Garay, Carlos Andrés; de Llanos, Rosa ; Romero, Antonia ; Martínez Pastor, M. Teresa; Puig, Sergi
KeywordsIron accumulation
Oxidative stress
Homeostasis genes
Issue Date2016
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 82 (6): 1906-1916 (2016)
AbstractIron is an essential micronutrient for all eukaryotic organisms. However, the low solubility of ferric iron has tremendously increased the prevalence of iron deficiency anemia, especially in women and children, with dramatic consequences. Baker's yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae is used as a model eukaryotic organism, a fermentative microorganism, and a feed supplement. In this report, we explore the genetic diversity of 123 wild and domestic strains of S. cerevisiae isolated from different geographical origins and sources to characterize how yeast cells respond to elevated iron concentrations in the environment. By using two different forms of iron, we selected and characterized both iron-sensitive and iron-resistant yeast strains. We observed that when the iron concentration in the medium increases, iron-sensitive strains accumulate iron more rapidly than iron-resistant isolates. We observed that, consistent with excess iron leading to oxidative stress, the redox state of iron-sensitive strains was more oxidized than that of iron-resistant strains. Growth assays in the presence of different oxidative reagents ruled out that this phenotype was due to alterations in the general oxidative stress protection machinery. It was noteworthy that iron-resistant strains were more sensitive to iron deficiency conditions than iron-sensitive strains, which suggests that adaptation to either high or low iron is detrimental for the opposite condition. An initial gene expression analysis suggested that alterations in iron homeostasis genes could contribute to the different responses of distant iron-sensitive and iron-resistant yeast strains to elevated environmental iron levels.
DescriptionManuscrito correspondiente al artículo publicado con el título "Responses of Saccharomyces cerevisiae Strains from Different Origins to Elevated Iron Concentrations". -- Accepted manuscript posted online 15 January 2016
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/AEM.03464-15
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