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dc.contributor.authorTavano, Lorenaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorInfante, María Rosaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRiya, Mohamed Aboes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPinazo, Auroraes_ES
dc.contributor.authorVinardell, María Pilares_ES
dc.contributor.authorMitjans, Montserrates_ES
dc.contributor.authorManresa, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorPérez, Lourdes F.es_ES
dc.identifier.citationSoft Matter 9(1): 306-319(2013)es_ES
dc.description.abstractCationic colloidal systems composed of arginine based surfactants (single or gemini structures) and membrane additive compounds such as DLPC or cholesterol have been characterized by means of size distribution and zeta-potential measurements. The single or monocatenary surfactant (LAM) as well as the gemini with the shortest spacer chain (C6(LA)2) formed micelles, while aqueous solutions of pure gemini surfactants with longer spacers (C9(LA)2 and C12(LA)2) formed very big aggregates. The addition of phospholipids or cholesterol changed drastically the aggregation behaviour. In the case of LAM and C 6(LA)2, the incorporation of additives gave rise to the formation of cationic vesicles. For C9(LA)2 and C 12(LA)2, this type of additives promoted the formation of smaller aggregates. All the formulations had positive zeta-potential values and in general exhibited high colloidal stability. We also evaluated the hemolysis and the antimicrobial activity of these systems. The capability of disrupting erythrocyte membranes depends on the hydrophobicity of the molecules and the size of aggregates in the solution. Gemini surfactants with short spacer chains are more hemolytic than their single chain homologue, while gemini surfactants with long spacers are much less hemolytic than their single chain counterpart. Moreover, for the same formulation, the hemolysis depends on the initial concentration of the stock solution used to set up the hemolysis/concentration curve. Results show that small aggregates interact easily with these biological membranes. The alkyl spacer chain and the presence of additives also play an important role in the antimicrobial activity, and, in general, the interaction with bacteria and erythrocytes is affected by the same parameters. The physico-chemical and biological characterization of these systems might be important for several biotechnological applications in which cationic vesicular systems are involved. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2013.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors would like to thank the financial support from Spanish Plan National I+D+I CTQ2009-14151-C02-01, CTQ2009-14151-C02-02, AGAUR 2009 SRG 246, CTQ2010-14897, CTQ2010-21183C02-01 and Unidad Asociada “Interacción de tensioactivos con membranes celulares”. Moreover, the project has been co-funded with support from the Commission European Social Fund and Region of Calabria (Italy) and the contract Estancia de Jóvenes Doctores Extranjeros en España, MEC, SB2010-0129.es_ES
dc.publisherRoyal Society of Chemistry (UK)es_ES
dc.subjectCationic surfactantses_ES
dc.subjectCell membraneses_ES
dc.subjectAnti-microbial activityes_ES
dc.titleRole of aggregate size in the hemolytic and antimicrobial activity of colloidal solutions based on single and gemini surfactants from argininees_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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