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Phage sensitivity and prophage carriage in Staphylococcus aureus isolated from foods in Spain and New Zealand

AuthorsGutiérrez, Diana ; Rodríguez, Lorena ; García Suárez, María Pilar ; Billinton, Craig; Premarante, Aruni; Rodríguez González, Ana ; Martínez Fernández, Beatriz
Staphylococcus aureus
Phage resistance
Issue Date2-Aug-2016
CitationInternational Journal of Food Microbiology 230:16–20 (2016)
AbstractBacteriophages (phages) are a promising tool for the biocontrol of pathogenic bacteria, including those contaminating food products and causing infectious diseases. However, the success of phage preparations is limited by the host ranges of their constituent phages. The phage resistance/sensitivity profile of eighty seven Staphylococcus aureus strains isolated in Spain and New Zealand from dairy, meat and seafood sources was determined for six phages (Φ11, K, ΦH5, ΦA72, CAPSa1 and CAPSa3). Most of the S. aureus strains were sensitive to phage K (Myoviridae) and CAPSa1 (Siphoviridae) regardless of their origin. There was a higher sensitivity of New Zealand S. aureus strains to phages isolated from both Spain (ΦH5 and ΦA72) and New Zealand (CAPSa1 and CAPSa3). Spanish phages had a higher infectivity on S. aureus strains of Spanish dairy origin, while Spanish strains isolated from other environments were more sensitive to New Zealand phages. Lysogeny was more prevalent in Spanish S. aureus compared to New Zealand strains. A multiplex PCR reaction, which detected ΦH5 and ΦA72 sequences, indicated a high prevalence of these prophages in Spanish S. aureus strains, but were infrequently detected in New Zealand strains. Overall, the correlation between phage resistance and lysogeny in S. aureus strains was found to be weak.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.ijfoodmicro.2016.04.019
Appears in Collections:(IPLA) Artículos
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