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Astrocytes require insulin-like growth factor I to protect neurons against oxidative injury

AuthorsGenís, Laura; Dávila, D.; Fernández, Silvia Venero; Pozo-Rodrigálvarez, Andrea ; Martínez-Murillo, Ricardo ; Torres Alemán, Ignacio
Issue Date22-Apr-2014
PublisherFaculty of 1000
CitationF1000 Research 3: 28 (2014)
AbstractOxidative stress is a proposed mechanism in brain aging, making the study of its regulatory processes an important aspect of current neurobiological research. In this regard, the role of the aging regulator insulin-like growth factor I (IGF-I) in brain responses to oxidative stress remains elusive as both beneficial and detrimental actions have been ascribed to this growth factor. Because astrocytes protect neurons against oxidative injury, we explored whether IGF-I participates in astrocyte neuroprotection and found that blockade of the IGF-I receptor in astrocytes abrogated their rescuing effect on neurons. The protection mediated by IGF-I against oxidative stress (H 2O 2) in astrocytes is probably needed for these cells to provide adequate neuroprotection. Indeed, in astrocytes but not in neurons, IGF-I helps decrease the pro-oxidant protein thioredoxin-interacting protein 1 and normalizes the levels of reactive oxygen species. Furthermore, IGF-I cooperates with trophic signals produced by astrocytes in response to H 2O 2 such as stem cell factor (SCF) to protect neurons against oxidative insult. After stroke, a condition associated with brain aging where oxidative injury affects peri-infarcted regions, a simultaneous increase in SCF and IGF-I expression was found in the cortex, suggesting that a similar cooperative response takes place in vivo. Cell-specific modulation by IGF-I of brain responses to oxidative stress may contribute in clarifying the role of IGF-I in brain aging. © 2014 Genis L et al.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.3-28.v1
issn: 2046-1402
Appears in Collections:(IC) Artículos
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