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Impact of astigmatism and high-order aberrations on subjective best focus

AuthorsMarcos, Susana ; Velasco Ocaña, Miriam ; Dorronsoro, Carlos ; Sawides, L. ; Hernandez, M.; Marin, G.
Issue Date3-Aug-2015
PublisherAssociation for Research in Vision and Ophthalmology
CitationJournal of Vision 15: 1- 12 (2015)
Abstract© 2015 ARVO. We studied the role of native astigmatism and ocular aberrations on best-focus setting and its shift upon induction of astigmatism in 42 subjects (emmetropes, myopes, hyperopes, with-the-rule [WTR] and against-the-rule [ATR] myopic astigmats). Stimuli were presented in a custom-developed adaptive optics simulator, allowing correction for native aberrations and astigmatism induction (+1 D; 6-mm pupil). Best-focus search consisted on randomized-step interleaved staircase method. Each subject searched best focus for four different images, and four different conditions (with/without aberration correction, with/without astigmatism induction). The presence of aberrations induced a significant shift in subjective best focus (0.4 D; p < 0.01), significantly correlated (p = 0.005) with the best-focus shift predicted from optical simulations. The induction of astigmatism produced a statistically significant shift of the best-focus setting in all groups under natural aberrations (p = 0.001), and in emmetropes and in WTR astigmats under corrected aberrations (p < 0.0001). Best-focus shift upon induced astigmatism was significantly different across groups, both for natural aberrations and AO-correction (p < 0.0001). Best focus shifted in opposite directions in WTR and ATR astigmats upon induction of astigmatism, symmetrically with respect to the best-focus shift in nonastigmatic myopes. The shifts are consistent with a bias towards vertical and horizontal retinal blur in WTR and ATR astigmats, respectively, indicating adaptation to native astigmatism.
Description12 págs.; 9 figs.; 1 tab.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1167/15.11.4
Identifiersdoi: 10.1167/15.11.4
issn: 1534-7362
Appears in Collections:(CFMAC-IO) Artículos
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