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Lysine methylation in cancer: SMYD3-MAP3K2 teaches us new lessons in the Ras-ERK pathway

AutorColón-Bolea, Paula; Crespo, Piero
Palabras claveRas
Lysine methyltransferases
Lysine methylation
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorJohn Wiley & Sons
CitaciónBioEssays 36(12): 1162-1169 (2014)
ResumenLysine methylation has been traditionally associated with histones and epigenetics. Recently, lysine methyltransferases and demethylases - which are involved in methylation of non-histone substrates - have been frequently found deregulated in human tumours. In this realm, a new discovery has unveiled the methyltransferase SMYD3 as an enhancer of Ras-driven cancer. SMYD3 is up-regulated in different types of tumours. SMYD3-mediated methylation of MAP3K2 increases mutant K-Ras-induced activation of ERK1/2. Methylation of MAP3K2 prevents it from binding to the phosphatase PP2A, thereby impeding the impact of this negative regulator on Ras-ERK1/2 signals, leading to the formation of lung and pancreatic adenocarcinomas. Furthermore, depletion of SMYD3 synergises with a MEK inhibitor, currently in clinical trials, to block Ras-driven pancreatic neoplasia. These results underscore the importance of lysine methylation in the regulation of signalling pathways relevant for tumourigenesis and endorse the development of drugs targeting unregulated lysine methylation as therapeutic agents in the struggle against cancer.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/bies.201400120
e-issn: 1521-1878
issn: 0265-9247
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