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The ungulates from Gran Dolina level TD8 at Atapuerca: evolution, biostratigraphy, biogeography

AutorVan der Made, Jan; Rosell, Jordi; Blasco, Ruth
Fecha de publicaciónsep-2014
EditorInternational Union of Prehistoric and Protohistoric Sciences
CitaciónXVII Congreso UISPP (2014)
ResumenThe locality of Gran Dolina at Atapuerca records the Early-Middle Pleistocene boundary, an extraordinary sequence of fossiliferous levels straddling this boundary, archaeological levels and the level TD6, which yielded over a hundred remains of Homo antecessor. These levels are dated by an array of dating techniques and palaeomagnetism situates the Brunhes-Matuyama boundary in the top of level TD7. Level TD8 is the first Middle Pleistocene fossiliferous level. Ongoing research results in increased data on the ungulates that lived around the Early-Middle Pleistocene transition and new hypotheses on their evolution. Here we present the ungulate association of TD8 in this context and compare it to those of other localities of more or less similar age. The TD8 ungulates are similar to those of lower levels at Gran Dolina, but differ from those from many other European early Middle Pleistocene localities. TD8 is peculiar in retaining a species of the giant deer genus Eucladoceros and a small rhinoceros. Such a small rhinoceros is common in the late Early Pleistocene and some believe it to be related to Stephanorhinus etruscus, while others believe it to be related to S. hundsheimensis. The persistence of these forms suggests that TD8 is older than the localities with which it is compared. If that is the case, it is the oldest Middle Pleistocene ungulate fauna. Alternatively, it is a geographic difference and relict forms persisted longer in Spain.
DescripciónResumen de una comunicación presentada en: XVII Congreso UISPP = XVII World UISPP Congress = XVII Congrès Mondial de l'UISPP (Burgos, 1-7 septiembre 2014)
Aparece en las colecciones: (MNCN) Comunicaciones congresos
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