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Description of classical and quantum interference in view of the concept of flow line

AutorDavidovic, M.; Sanz, Ángel S. ; Bozic, M.
Palabras clavePoynting vector
Umov vector
Bohmian mechanics
Sound wave
Electromagnetic wave
Flow line
Probability current
Fecha de publicación4-jul-2015
CitaciónJournal of Russian Laser Research 36: 329- 342 (2015)
Resumen© 2015, Springer Science+Business Media New York. Bohmian mechanics, a hydrodynamic formulation of quantum mechanics, relies on the concept of trajectory, which evolves in time in compliance with dynamical information conveyed by the wave function. Here, this appealing idea is considered to analyze both classical and quantum interference, thus providing an alternative and more intuitive framework to understand the time evolution of waves either in terms of the flow of energy (for instance, for mechanical waves, sound waves, and electromagnetic waves) or analogously the flow of probability (quantum waves). Furthermore, this procedure also supplies a more robust explanation of interference phenomena, which currently is only based on the superposition principle. That is, while this principle only describes how different waves combine and what effects these combinations may lead to, flow lines provide a more precise explanation on how the energy or probability propagates in space before, during, and after the combination of such waves, without dealing with them separately (i.e., the combination or superposition is taken as a whole). In this sense, concepts such as constructive and destructive interference, typically associated with the superposition principle, physically correspond to more or less dense swarms of (energy or probability) flow lines. A direct consequence of this description is that, when considering the distribution of electromagnetic energy flow lines behind two slits, each one covered by a differently oriented polarizer, it is naturally found that external observers’ information on the slit crossed by single photons (understood as energy parcels) is totally irrelevant for the existence of interference fringes, in striking contrast to what is commonly stated and taught.
Descripción14 págs.; 3 figs.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10946-015-9507-y
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1007/s10946-015-9507-y
issn: 1573-8760
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