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Relative fascicle excursion effects on dynamic strength generation during gait in children with cerebral palsy

AutorMartín Lorenzo, Teresa; Lerma-Lara, Sergio; Martínez-Caballero, I.; Rocón, Eduardo
Palabras claveMuscle fascicle
Cerebral palsy (CP)
Force generation
Fecha de publicación2015
CitaciónMedical Hypotheses 85: 385- 390 (2015)
Resumen© 2015 Elsevier Ltd. Evaluation of muscle structure gives us a better understanding of how muscles contribute to force generation which is significantly altered in children with cerebral palsy (CP). While most muscle structure parameters have shown to be significantly correlated to different expressions of strength development in children with CP and typically developing (TD) children, conflicting results are found for muscle fascicle length. Muscle fascicle length determines muscle excursion and velocity, and contrary to what might be expected, correlations of fascicle length to rate of force development have not been found for children with CP. The lack of correlation between muscle fascicle length and rate of force development in children with CP could be due, on the one hand, to the non-optimal joint position adopted for force generation on the isometric strength tests as compared to the position of TD children. On the other hand, the lack of correlation could be due to the erroneous assumption that muscle fascicle length is representative of sarcomere length. Thus, the relationship between muscle architecture parameters reflecting sarcomere length, such as relative fascicle excursions and dynamic power generation, should be assessed. Understanding of the underlying mechanisms of weakness in children with CP is key for individualized prescription and assessment of muscle-targeted interventions. Findings could imply the detection of children operating on the descending limb of the sarcomere length-tension curve, which in turn might be at greater risk of developing crouch gait. Furthermore, relative muscle fascicle excursions could be used as a predictive variable of outcomes related to crouch gait prevention treatments such as strength training.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.mehy.2015.06.010
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