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dc.contributor.authorPinhassi, Jarone-
dc.contributor.authorSimó, Rafel-
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, José M.-
dc.contributor.authorVila-Costa, Maria-
dc.contributor.authorAlonso-Sáez, Laura-
dc.contributor.authorKiene, Ronald P.-
dc.contributor.authorMoran, Mary Ann-
dc.contributor.authorPedrós-Alió, Carlos-
dc.identifierdoi: 10.1128/AEM.71.12.7650-7660.2005-
dc.identifierissn: 0099-2240-
dc.identifiere-issn: 1098-5336-
dc.identifier.citationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 71(12): 7650-7660 (2005)-
dc.description11 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables-
dc.description.abstractProcessing of the phytoplankton-derived organic sulfur compound dimethylsulfoniopropionate (DMSP) by bacteria was studied in seawater microcosms in the coastal Gulf of Mexico (Alabama). Modest phytoplankton blooms (peak chlorophyll a [Chl a] concentrations of ∼2.5 μg liter-1) were induced in nutrient-enriched microcosms, while phytoplankton biomass remained low in unamended controls (Chl a concentrations of ∼0.34 μg liter -1). Particulate DMSP concentrations reached 96 nM in the enriched microcosms but remained approximately 14 nM in the controls. Bacterial biomass production increased in parallel with the increase in particulate DMSP, and nutrient limitation bioassays in the initial water showed that enrichment with DMSP or glucose caused a similar stimulation of bacterial growth. Concomitantly, increased bacterial consumption rate constants of dissolved DMSP (up to 20 day-1) and dimethylsulfide (DMS) (up to 6.5 day-1) were observed. Nevertheless, higher DMSP S assimilation efficiencies and higher contribution of DMSP to bacterial S demand were found in the controls compared to the enriched microcosms. This indicated that marine bacterioplankton may rely more on DMSP as a source of S under oligotrophic conditions than under the senescence phase of phytoplankton blooms. Phylogenetic analysis of the bacterial assemblages in all microcosms showed that the DMSP-rich algal bloom favored the occurrence of various Roseobacter members, flavobacteria (Bacteroidetes phylum), and oligotrophic marine Gammaproteobacteria. Our observations suggest that the composition of the bacterial assemblage and the relative contribution of DMSP to the overall dissolved organic sulfur/organic matter pool control how efficiently bacteria assimilate DMSP S and thereby potentially divert it from DMS production. Copyright © 2005, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved-
dc.description.sponsorshipThis project was supported by grants from the U.S.-Spain Science and Technology Program 2000 (grant 20185), the European Union (grant EVK3-CT-2002-00078 BASICS), and the Swedish Research Council (grant 2003-2692) to J.P. and by a grant (MCB-0315200) from the U.S. National Science Foundation to M.A.M. Additional support for R.P.K. was provided by the U.S. National Science Foundation (grants OCE-9907471 and OPP-0221748)-
dc.publisherAmerican Society for Microbiology-
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's version-
dc.titleDimethylsulfoniopropionate Turnover Is Linked to the Composition and Dynamics of the Bacterioplankton Assemblage during a Microcosm Phytoplankton Bloom-
dc.description.versionPeer Reviewed-
dc.contributor.funderNational Science Foundation (US)-
dc.contributor.funderSwedish Research Council-
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commission-
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