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Título

Mutational analysis of the P1 phosphorylation domain in escherichia coli CheA, the signaling kinase for chemotaxis

AutorNishiyama, So-ichiro; Garzón, Andrés ; Parkinson, John S.
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónJournal of Bacteriology 196(2): 257-264 (2014)
ResumenThe histidine autokinase CheA functions as the central processing unit in the Escherichia coli chemotaxis signaling machinery. CheA receives autophosphorylation control inputs from chemoreceptors and in turn regulates the flux of signaling phosphates to the CheY and CheB response regulator proteins. Phospho-CheY changes the direction of flagellar rotation; phospho-CheB covalently modifies receptor molecules during sensory adaptation. The CheA phosphorylation site, His-48, lies in the N-terminal P1 domain, which must engage the CheA ATP-binding domain, P4, to initiate an autophosphorylation reaction cycle. The docking determinants for the P1-P4 interaction have not been experimentally identified. We devised mutant screens to isolate P1 domains with impaired autophosphorylation or phosphotransfer activities. One set of P1 mutants identified amino acid replacements at surface-exposed residues distal to His-48. These lesions reduced the rate of P1 transphosphorylation by P4. However, once phosphorylated, the mutant P1 domains transferred phosphate to CheY at the wild-type rate. Thus, these P1 mutants appear to define interaction determinants for P1-P4 docking during the CheA autophosphorylation reaction.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/129385
DOI10.1128/JB.01167-13
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1128/JB.01167-13
issn: 0021-9193
e-issn: 1098-5530
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