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Título

What are carotenoids signaling? Immunostimulatory effects of dietary vitamin E, but not of carotenoids, in Iberian green lizards

AutorKopena, Renata; López Martínez, Pilar ; Martín Rueda, José
Palabras claveBody condition
Carotenoids
Immunostimulatory effects
Lacerta schreiberi
Lizard
Sexual ornaments
Tocopherol
Fecha de publicacióndic-2014
EditorSpringer
Gesellschaft Deutscher Naturforscher und Ärzte
CitaciónNaturwissenschaften 101(2): 1107-1114 (2014)
ResumenIn spite that carotenoid-based sexual ornaments are one of the most popular research topics in sexual selection of animals, the antioxidant and immunostimulatory role of carotenoids, presumably signaled by these colorful ornaments, is still controversial. It has been suggested that the function of carotenoids might not be as an antioxidant per se, but that colorful carotenoids may indirectly reflect the levels of nonpigmentary antioxidants, such as melatonin or vitamin E. We experimentally fed male Iberian green lizards (Lacerta schreiberi) additional carotenoids or vitamin E alone, or a combination of carotenoids and vitamin E dissolved in soybean oil, whereas a control group only received soybean oil. We examined the effects of the dietary supplementations on phytohaemagglutinin (PHA)-induced skin-swelling immune response and body condition. Lizards that were supplemented with vitamin E alone or a combination of vitamin E and carotenoids had greater immune responses than control lizards, but animals supplemented with carotenoids alone had lower immune responses than lizards supplemented with vitamin E and did not differ from control lizards. These results support the hypothesis that carotenoids in green lizards are not effective as immunostimulants, but that they may be visually signaling the immunostimulatory effects of non-pigmentary vitamin E. In contrast, lizards supplemented with carotenoids alone have higher body condition gains than lizards in the other experimental groups, suggesting that carotenoids may be still important to improve condition.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/0.1007/s00114-014-1250-7
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/129362
DOI0.1007/s00114-014-1250-7
ISSN0028-1042
10.1007/s00114-014-1250-7
E-ISSN1432-1904
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