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Finite-frequency Rayleigh wave tomography of the western Mediterranean: Mapping its lithospheric structure

AutorPalomeras, I.; Thurner, S.; Levander, A.; Liu, K.; Villaseñor, Antonio ; Carbonell, Ramón ; Harnafi, M.
Palabras claveRayleigh wave tomography
western Mediterranean
subduction
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorAmerican Geophysical Union
CitaciónGEOCHEMISTRY GEOPHYSICS GEOSYSTEMS 15(1): 140-160 (2014)
ResumenWe present a 3-D shear wave velocity model for the crust and upper mantle of the western Mediterranean from Rayleigh wave tomography. We analyzed the fundamental mode in the 20¿167 s period band (6.0¿50.0 mHz) from earthquakes recorded by a number of temporary and permanent seismograph arrays. Using the two-plane wave method, we obtained phase velocity dispersion curves that were inverted for an isotropic Vs model that extends from the southern Iberian Massif, across the Gibraltar Arc and the Atlas mountains to the Saharan Craton. The area of the western Mediterranean that we have studied has been the site of complex subduction, slab rollback, and simultaneous compression and extension during African-European convergence since the Oligocene. The shear velocity model shows high velocities beneath the Rif from 65 km depth and beneath the Granada Basin from ¿¿70 km depth that extend beneath the Alboran Domain to more than 250 km depth, which we interpret as a near-vertical slab dangling from beneath the western Alboran Sea. The slab appears to be attached to the crust beneath the Rif and possibly beneath the Granada Basin and Sierra Nevada where low shear velocities (3.8 km/s) are mapped to >55 km depth. The attached slab is pulling down the Gibraltar Arc crust, thickening it, and removing the continental margin lithospheric mantle beneath both Iberia and Morocco as it descends into the deeper mantle. Thin lithosphere is indicated by very low upper mantle velocities beneath the Alboran Sea, above and east of the dangling slab and beneath the Cenozoic volcanics.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/129285
DOI10.1002/2013GC004861
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/2013GC004861
issn: 1525-2027
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