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Título

Variations in the promoter region of the glutaminase gene and the development of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis: a cohort study

AutorRomero-Gómez, Manuel; Royo, José Luis ; Mira, Emilia; Mañes, Santos
Fecha de publicación2010
EditorAmerican College of Physicians
CitaciónAnnals of Internal Medicine 153(5): 281-288 (2010)
Resumen[Background]: Hepatic encephalopathy is a major complication of cirrhosis and is associated with a poor prognosis. [Objective]: To identify mutations in the gene sequence for glutaminase in humans that could be responsible for the development of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis. [Design]: Cohort study. [Setting]: Outpatient clinics in 6 Spanish hospitals. [Patients]: 109 consecutive patients with cirrhosis in the estimation cohort, 177 patients in the validation cohort, and 107 healthy control participants. [Measurements]: Patients were followed every 3 or 6 months until the development of hepatic encephalopathy or liver transplantation, death, or the end of the study. [Results]: The genetic analyses showed that glutaminase TACC and CACC haplotypes were linked to the risk for overt hepatic encephalopathy. Mutation scanning of the glutaminase gene identified a section in the promoter region where base pairs were repeated (a microsatellite). Over a mean follow-up of 29.6 months, hepatic encephalopathy occurred in 28 patients (25.7%) in the estimation cohort. Multivariable Cox models were used to determine the following independent predictors: Child-Turcotte-Pugh stage (hazard ratio [HR], 1.6 [95% CI, 1.29 to 1.98]; P = 0.001), minimal hepatic encephalopathy (HR, 3.17 [CI, 1.42 to 7.09]; P = 0.006), and having 2 long alleles of the microsatellite (HR, 3.12 [CI, 1.39 to 7.02]; P = 0.006). The association between 2 long alleles of the microsatellite and overt hepatic encephalopathy was confirmed in a validation cohort (HR, 2.1 [CI, 1.17 to 3.79]; P = 0.012). Functional studies showed higher luciferase activity in cells transfected with the long form of the microsatellite, which suggests that the long microsatellite enhances glutaminase transcriptional activity. [Limitation]: Other genes and allelic variants might be involved in the clinical expression of hepatic encephalopathy. [Conclusion]: This study identifies a genetic factor that is associated with development of hepatic encephalopathy in patients with cirrhosis.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/128895
DOI10.7326/0003-4819-153-5-201009070-00002
Identificadoresdoi: 10.7326/0003-4819-153-5-201009070-00002
issn: 0003-4819
e-issn: 1539-3704
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