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Título

Subduction and volcanism in the Iberia-North Africa collision zone from tomographic images of the upper mantle

AutorVillaseñor, Antonio ; Chevrot, S.; Harnafi, M.; Gallart Muset, Josep ; Pazos, Antonio; Serrano, Inmaculada; Córdoba, Diego ; Pulgar, J. A.; Ibarra, Pedro
Palabras claveGibraltar Arc
Morocco
Seismic tomography
Spain
Subduction
Volcanism
Fecha de publicaciónnov-2015
EditorElsevier
CitaciónTectonophysics,663: 238-249 (2015)
ResumenNew tomographic images of the upper mantle beneath the westernmost Mediterranean suggest that the evolution of the region experienced two subduction-related episodes. First subduction of oceanic and/or extended continental lithosphere, now located mainly beneath the Betics at depths greater than 400 km, took place on a NW-SE oriented subduction zone. This was followed by a slab-tear process that initiated in the east and propagated to the west, leading to westward slab rollback and possibly lower crustal delamination. The current position of the slab tear is located approximately at 4°W, and to the west of this location the subducted lithosphere is still attached to the surface along the Gibraltar Arc. Our new P-wave velocity model is able to image the attached subducted lithosphere as a narrow high-velocity body extending to shallow depths, coinciding with the region of maximum curvature of the Gibraltar Arc, the occurrence of intermediate-depth earthquakes, and anomalously thick crust. This thick crust has a large influence in the measured teleseismic travel time residuals and therefore in the obtained P-wave tomographic model. We show that removing the effects of the thick crust significantly improves the shallow images of the slab and therefore the interpretations based on the seismic structure
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tecto.2015.08.042
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/128873
DOI10.1016/j.tecto.2015.08.042
ISSN0040-1951
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