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Evaluation of performance of dough and bread incorporating chia (Salvia hispanica L.)

AuthorsIglesias Puig, Esther ; Haros, Monika
Salvia hispanica L.
Novel food
Bread performance
Bakery products
Bread-making ingredient
Issue Date2013
CitationEuropean Food Research and Technology 237: 865- 874 (2013)
AbstractAs a result of the opinion given by the European Food Safety Authority about the safety of chia seed (Salvia hispanica L) and whole ground chia seed as food ingredients, they may be placed on the market in the European Community as novel food ingredients to be used in bread products. The objective of the present investigation was to develop new cereal-based products with increased nutritional quality by using chia and ground chia seeds (whole chia flour, semi-defatted chia flour and low-fat chia flour) in order to evaluate its potential as a bread-making ingredient. The samples with chia addition significantly increased the levels of proteins, lipids, ash and dietary fibre in the final product compared to the control sample. Breads with seeds or ground seeds showed similar technological quality to the control bread, except for the increase in specific bread volume, decrease in crumb firmness and change in crumb colour. Sensory analysis showed that the inclusion of chia increased overall acceptability by consumers. The thermal properties of the starch did not alter substantially with the inclusion of chia. However, the incorporation of chia inhibited the kinetics of amylopectin retrogradation during storage, which would be directly related to the delay in bread staling.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1007/s00217-013-2067-x
issn: 1438-2377
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